Types Of Orthodontic Braces

Types of orthodontic braces

Appliances for 2020

Article by Experienced Orthodontists In Bangalore

The department of Orthodontics & dentofacial orthopedics is a specialization in the field of dentistry that deals with collecting malocclusions and guiding the jaw and facial growth during the early stages in life.

Misaligned & crooked teeth should be corrected to maintain their integrity & support to avoid the early loss of teeth during the later stages in life. Misaligned permanent teeth can increase the chances of tooth decay due to food accumulation leading to compromised oral health. A right treatment plan at Growing smiles orthodontics also straightens teeth to give a more aesthetic smile with respect to the golden proportions.

Orthodontic treatment with fixed & removable appliances has many advantages! Fixed Orthodontic appliances use stainless steel archwires in traditional braces that apply pressure on the teeth to move the teeth. The most popular types of fixed appliances are as follows.

Traditional Metal braces

These are one of those orthodontic appliances that are highly time tested and used for more than a decade by our Orthodontist in Bangalore. They can have a combination of metal brackets, metal wires made of stainless steel or elastics such as rubber bands that facilitate tooth movements to straighten crooked teeth.

For more than a decade they have evolved into new appliances which can also use the body heat to move the teeth due to heat activation in the archwires, thanks to the continuous research. Over the years the metal brackets have become smaller in size making them less conspicuous and comfortable.


These are the same as metal braces but are made of tooth coloured ceramic material. The brackets match the tooth colour making them less visible compared to traditional metal braces. These have a metal arch wire or a ceramic arch wire inserted into the brackets.

Self ligating braces

Orthodontic treatment using self-ligating braces is one of the more preferable options nowadays.

Self-ligating brackets have been there for a while almost close to a century but started gaining more popularity in India and cities such as Bangalore after the year 2000. In 2020 we see more than 80% of our clients at Growing smiles dentistry in Whitefield opting for the above orthodontic appliance due to its many advantages.

1) The number of appointments needed with your orthodontist will be lesser as only the bracket component is adjusted instead of the wire.

2) SLB has fewer components compared to the traditional braces thus has lower friction in the wire bracket interface. This also avoids excessive application of forces on the tooth making the overall treatment less painful & comfortable.

Self-ligating braces – A brief overview

They are similar to traditional apart from the fact that there re no ligature wires & bands.

The ligature wire is replaced by a component called the archwire which is attached to the self-ligating bracket to facilitate movements. There is a more comfortable movement due to the above fact!

Active & Passive self ligating brackets

The self-ligating braces systems are of two types.

Passive self-ligating braces

  • This involves the application of a smaller archwire i.e there is less friction. Our Orthodontists at Growing smiles usually prefer using the passive appliance at the start of the treatment as the patient is not used to greater forces.

Active self-ligating braces

  • This is usually preferred by many orthodontists after the initial phase of the treatment. The active self-ligating brackets use a thicker archwire which applies more forces compared to the passive brackets causing the teeth to move to a greater extent.

Advantages of self-ligating braces

  • They are smaller in size compared to traditional braces depending on the company. Self-ligating brackets from American orthodontics in a more preferred option by our Orthodontists at Growing smiles Orthodontics.
  • They need lesser clinical visits to the orthodontists with more appointment intervals.
  • They are an affordable and cost-effective treatment option for many in India especially in tier-one cities in locations such as Bangalore.
  • There is lesser discomfort due to the fewer components. This avoids lacerations on the lips and cheeks. This also helps in maintaining adequate oral hygiene as the toothbrush is not interrupted bt the components.
  • Opening and closing the self-ligating braces & its bracket systems are easier for the orthodontist.
  • The tooth movement is usually quicker thus reducing the overall treatment time.
  • Self-ligating braces are easier during the treatment because more desired movements can be achieved using twin brackets along with passive or active stainless steel wires.

Invisalign - Invisible Braces

If the tradition of self-ligating braces is a complete no for you, then Invisalign is the clear option to braces!

Invisalign is a state of the art orthodontic appliance developed by Align technology USA that has replaced traditional braces for many after they compare treatment options available.

They are delivered to our clients at growing smiles orthodontics as a set of clear aligners and works how your treatment is planned using a element scanner clincheck software smarttrack.

Invisalign clear aligners are completely transparent, comfortable & removable and are fabricated to gradually to move your teeth to the desired position as you change your trays.

The treatment starts an iTero scan which shows the Invisalign treatments end results once integrated with a software called the clincheck. Invisalign consists of minimal components such as smarttrack material smartforce attachments and post-treatment vivera retainers to retain the achieved smile and occlusion.

Advantages of Invisalign

-Precise tracing using the Invisalign App

-Treatment simulation is possible and the client can see the end results of the treatment even before the treatment starts with Invisalign braces.

-Also called as Invisible braces as they are completely transparent and make it convenient for many working professionals.

-They straighten teeth faster than traditional braces.

-Invisalign offers easy payment plans with EMI options making them cost-effective for many salaried professionals.

-Vivera retainers mandibular advancement is possible with Invisalign clear aligners for teens and kids as a part of pediatric dentistry & orthodontics.

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Keeping Your Child’s Teeth Healthy

Keeping Your Child's Teeth Healthy

Oral hygiene is crucial for your child’s little teeth. There is a lot you can do care for your child’s teeth and gums from an early age, including monitoring their diet and cleaning their teeth. You should also establish brushing and flossing habits, so your child knows how to care for their teeth. Keep reading to learn more about keeping your child’s teeth healthy. 

Keep an eye out for baby teeth

Baby teeth start to appear when your child is around six months old. Usually the first teeth to break through the gums will be the front bottom teeth, and they will continue to come in until your child is about three years old. Children typically have ten teeth on the top and ten on the bottom. 

Clean their gums

It is important to start cleaning your child’s teeth before they even break through their gums. Before you notice your child teething, you can start using a wet washcloth to remove bacteria from their gums. Bacteria that rests on your child’s gums can be very harmful, so caring for your child’s teeth starts early. This will also help their teeth grow in properly. 

Brush twice a day

When your child’s teeth start coming in, you can start brushing them. It only takes a small amount of toothpaste. If your child is three or younger, you should only use toothpaste that is about the size of a grain of rice. If your child is older than three, you can use a little more toothpaste, about the size of a pea. You can start brushing their teeth for about two minutes in the morning and in the evening. This process will help set up good brushing habits for your child while protecting their teeth.

Let your child select a toothbrush

As your child gets older, they may want to have more control over their own life. You can encourage proper dental hygiene practices and give them a little freedom by allowing them to choose a toothbrush. Selecting a brush with their favorite TV characters or a favorite color can make it more fun to brush their teeth. You can also let them choose a toothpaste so they like the flavour and texture. 

Floss once a day

You can start flossing for your child once a day whenever they have two teeth that touch. Typically, the front bottom teeth are the first to come in. When they break through the gums and start to touch, you can use floss to clean between their teeth. This practice will keep cavities from forming and protect their teeth. Also, you can start to teach your child proper flossing techniques from a young age. 

Brush and floss together

When your child gets a little older and can brush and floss on their own, you can set aside time to brush your teeth together. Start your mornings by brushing your teeth for two minutes and flossing, then do the same thing in the evening. You can make the time more fun by playing a song while you brush your teeth or making up a game. Watching you brush your teeth will encourage your child to take care of their own teeth. Special kids need the guidance of parents or guardians while brushing & flossing.

Visit the pediatric dentist

Trips to the dentist should be a regular part of your child’s life as they grow up. Visit the dentist when their first tooth breaks through the gums, by their first birthday. The pediatric dentists will let you know if your child has issues with plaque or cavities. They can also provide valuable information on teething and caring for your child’s teeth. Our dental care system for kids at Little pearls dentistry is designed to prevent the onset of any serious dental conditions through early diagnosis. 

Monitor your child's diet for optimal dental health

Your child’s diet can greatly impact the health of their teeth and gums. Juice or sodas that are high in acid and sugar can damage their baby teeth. Also, foods that have a lot of sugar can do damage to the enamel of their teeth. These issues put you child at a higher risk of developing cavities. Limit foods and beverages with a lot of sugar and acid to protect their teeth. 

Watch how long they use pacifiers

A pacifier is a great tool while your child is very young or teething. However, these soothing tools can do considerable damage to your child’s teeth if they are used for too long. If your child uses a pacifier past the age of three it can impact the way their teeth line up or change the shape of their mouth. Consult your child’s dentist or doctor if they continue using a pacifier after the age of three.